Hateem is a low wall area originally part of the Kabaah. A semi-circular wall opposite, but not connected to, the north-west wall of the Kabaah known as the Hatīm. This is 90cm (35 in) in height and 1.5m (4.9 ft) in width and is composed of white marble. At one time the space lying between the Hatīm and the Kabaah belonged to the Kabaah itself, and for this reason it is not entered during the Tawaf.
History of Hateem:
Kabaah is the oldest worshiping place on the earth. It was built by Hazrat Adam (A.S) and then rebuilt by Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) and Hazrat Ismail (A.S). Before Islam the last construction of Kabaah took place in the year 35th Meladi, by the Quraish. Unfortunately it was the first time in the history of Kabaah that the Ibrahimi foundation of Kabaah was not followed. The Kabaah was reduced from the northern side due to the lack of construction fund.
In 64th Hijri, Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair became the Khalifa, he started reconstruction of the Kabaah. After demolishing the Kabaah the floor of the Kabaah was dug and Ibrahimi foundation was reached. Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair showed this foundation to the people of Makkah and other Ashabas. After making them witness he reconstructed the Kabaah on Ibrahimi foundation and shape. This situation stayed for 10 years. In the year 74th Hijri, Hijjaj bin Yousuf killed Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair and mislead Khalifah Abdul Malik bin Marwan by a letter saying that Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair has changed the shape of Kabaah on his own contrivance, and it should be put back to its old shape.
After getting the approval of the Khalifah he reduced the Kabaah from the northern side by 3.12m which brought Kabaah back to the dimensions of the Quraish. So, the northern wall of the Kabaah a distance 3.12m towards the semi circle wall is the area of the Kabaah which was left by the Quraish, is known as Hateem. The rest of the area up to the semi circle wall is Hijr-e- Ismail.
Hateem is part of Holy Kabaah and it is the dream of every Muslim to offer prayer here. Significance of praying in Hateem also mentioned in Hadith, As Hazrat Aisha said:
I liked to enter the House (the Kabaah) and pray therein. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) caught me by hand and admitted me to al-Hijr (Hateem). He then said: “Pray in al-Hijr when you intend to enter the House (the Ka’bah), for it is a part of the House (the Ka’bah). Your people shortened it when they built the Ka’bah, and they took it out of the House.” (Sunan Abi Dawud 2028)
Prayer in Hateem is equal to praying inside the Holy Kabaah. This December perform your Umrah with Haleema Travel and avail the cheapest umrah packages from Luton, UK. May ALLAH give us a chance to visit Holy Kabaah and also to offer prayers in Hateem.